Analysis of Land Cover Classification in Arid Environment: A Comparison Performance of Four Classifiers

Abstract

Arid environment is a dry landscape or region that received an extremely low amount of precipitation. Arid areas are located where vegetation cover is sparse to almost nonexistent. Almost one third of earth land surface is arid or desert. Over desert areas, a number of land cover patterns can be observed. One example is given here for the Arabian Peninsula. The located area can be found in Fig. 1. This pattern does not correlate with vegetation; the area is extremely arid with little or no vegetation. In addition, specific land cover is defined as the observed physical layer including natural and planted vegetation and human constructions, which cover the surface of the Earth. Land cover classification is a tool that fills an important informational niche for natural resource managers, decision-makers, and stakeholders. It serves to categorize natural ecosystems, managed crops, and urban areas. As a general form, land cover classifications provide the elemental information to appraise the impact of human interactions within the environment and to assess scientific foundations for sustainability, vulnerability and resilience of land systems and their use

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